Life in Post-Soviet Asia. In less than eight months" of 194142, before "the decimation of Soviet POWs. However, as part of the general antisemitic policy, an unofficial Jewish" was applied in the leading institutions of higher education by subjecting Jewish applicants to harsher entrance examinations. 112 However, in practice the degree of control the party was able to exercise over the state bureaucracy, particularly after the death of Stalin, was far from total, with the bureaucracy pursuing different interests that were at times in conflict with the party. Despite the foundation of the Soviet state as a federative entity of many constituent republics, each with its own political and administrative entities, the term "Soviet Russia" strictly applicable only to the Russian Federative Socialist Republic was often applied to the entire country by non-Soviet. A Documentary History of Communism in Russia: From Lenin to Gorbachev. Two-thirds of it was a coastline. 103 A third stage came in the late 1920s and early 1930s, when Stalin ordered Communist parties across the world to strongly oppose non-communist political parties, labor unions or other organizations on the left. With the constitution of 1936, the Transcaucasian sfsr was dissolved, resulting in its constituent republics of Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan being elevated to Union Republics, while Kazakhstan and Kirghizia were split off from Russian sfsr, resulting in the same status. During the Soviet era, a great number of ethnic Russians and Ukrainians migrated to other Soviet republics and many of them settled there. On, the Congress declared Russia's sovereignty over its territory and proceeded to pass laws that attempted to supersede some of the ussr's laws. 144 At its peak in 1988, it was the largest producer and second largest exporter of crude oil, surpassed only by Saudi Arabia. 101 At the same time, Moscow stopped threatening other states, and instead worked to open peaceful relationships in terms of trade, and diplomatic recognition. 62 Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, first human to travel into space Khrushchev initiated " The Thaw a complex shift in political, cultural and economic life in the Soviet Union. 163 In the 1970s and 1980s, the Soviet Union heavily relied on fossil fuel exports to earn hard currency. Although serfdom was abolished in 1861, it was done on terms unfavorable to the peasants and served to encourage revolutionaries. Dissatisfied with Khrushchev's policies, the Communist Party's conservative wing led a coup d'état against Khrushchev in 1964, quietly ousting him without any bloodshed. The Soviet merchant navy was one of the largest in the world. In contrast, the Soviet Union was offensively and defensively maneuvering in the acquisition and utilization of the worldwide technology, to increase the competitive advantage that they donne rumene in cerca di un uomo italiano siti di incontri italia acquired from the technology, while preventing the US from acquiring a competitive advantage. The Great Big Book of Horrible Things.